This page is a combination of a reference list and recommended sources. The books, journal articles/book chapters, and influential fiction are listed separately, with the books being listed first. For some books, there is also a link to a review of the book. Although this site is owned by Louis Hoffman, the site supports the Rocky Mountain Humanistic Counseling and Psychological Association (RMHCPA), which is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. As an Amazon Associate RMHCPA earns from qualifying purchases when purchasing through the links to Amazon below.


Bargdill, R., & Broome, R. (2015). Humanistic contributions for psychology 101: Growth, choice, and responsibility. University Professors Press. Purchase at Publisher. Purchase at Amazon.

Becker, E. (1968). The structure of evil. The Free Press. Purchase here 

Becker, E. (1973). The denial of death. Free Press. (review)   Purchase here

Becker, E. (1975). Escape from evil. Free Press. Purchase here 

Bohart, A. C., Held, B. S., Mendelowitz, E., & Schneider, K. J. (2012). Humanity’s dark side: Evil, destructive experience, and psychotherapy. American Psychological Association. Purchase here.

Buber, M. (1970). I and thou (W. Kaufmann, Trans.). Simon & Schuster. Purchase here

Bugental, J. F. T. (1987). The art of the psychotherapist. Norton. (review)  Purchase here

Bugental, J. F. T. (1999). Psychotherapy isn’t what you think: Bringing the p sychotherapeutic engagement into the living moment.  Zeig, Tucker & Theisen. (Review)  Purchase here

Cain, D. J., Keenan, K, & Rubin, S. (Eds.). (2002). Humanistic psychotherapies: Handbook research and practice (2nd ed.).  American Psychological Association. Purchase here

Camus, A. (1955). The myth of sisyphus and other essays (J. O’Brien, trans.).  Vintage. (Original work published in 1955) Purchase here

Camus, A. (1991). The rebel (Rev. Trans. by A. Bower). Vintage Books. (Original work published in 1956) Purchase here.

Cooper, M. (2016). Existential therapies (2nd ed.). Sage. (Review of Original Version) Purchase here.

Cooper, T. (2006). Paul Tillich and psychology: Historic and contemporary explorations in theology, psychotherapy, and ethics. Mercer University Press. Purchase here

De Beauvior, S. (1985). A very easy death. Pantheon. Purchase here

De Beauvior, S. (2000). The ethics of ambiguity (B. Frechtman, Trans).  Citadel. (Original work published in 1947). Purchase here

Diamond, S. A. (1996). Anger, madness, and the daimonic: The psychological genesis of violence, evil, and creativity. State University of New York Press. (review)  Purchase here

Elkins, D. N. (1998) Beyond religion: A personal program for building a spirituality life outside the walls of traditional religion. Quest Books. Purchase here

Elkins, D. N. (2009). Humanistic psychology: A clinical manifesto. University of Rockies Press. Purchase here.

Fanon, F. (2008) Black skin, white masks. (R. Philcox, Trans.). Grove Press. Purchase here. (Original work published in 1952)

Fanon, F. (1994). A dying colonialism (H. Chevalier, Trans.). Grove Press. (Original work published in 1959). Purchase here.

Fanon, F. (2004). The wretched of the earth (R. Philcox, Trans.). Grove Press. (Original work published in 1963). Purchase here.

Fanon, F. (1967). Toward the African revolution (H. Chevalier, Trans.). Grove Press. (Original work published in 1967). Purchase here.

Fanon, F. (2018). Alienation and freedom (J. Khalfa & R. J. C. Young, Eds.; S. Corcoran, Trans.). Bloomsbury Academic. Purchase here.

Frankl, V. E. (1988). The will to meaning. Meridian. Purchase here

Frankl, V. E. (1984). Man’s search for meaning.  Simon & Schuster. (review)  Purchase here

Frankl, V. E. (1986). The doctor and the soul (Rev. ed.). Vintage. Purchase here

Frankl, V. E. (2000). Man’s search for ultimate meaning. Perseus. (review)  Purchase here

Gendlin, E. T. (1981). Focusing.  Bantam. Purchase here

Gendlin, E. T. (1996). Focusing-oriented psychotherapy.  Guilford. Purchase here

Greenberg, J., Koole, S. L., & Psyzczynski, T. (2004) Handbook of experimental existential psychology. Guilford. Purchase here.

Grogan, J. (2012). Encountering America: Humanistic psychology, sixties culture, and the shaping of the modern self. HarperCollins. (review) Purchase here

Heery, M. & Richardson, G. (2009). Awakening to aging: Glimpsing the gifts of aging (2nd ed.). Tonglen. Purchase here

Heidegger, M. (1996). Being and time (J. Stanbaugh, Trans.). State University of New York: Press. Purchase here

Hoffman, L., Cleare-Hoffman, H., Granger, N., Jr., & St. John, D. (Eds.). (2019). Humanistic approaches to multiculturalism and diversity: Perspectives on existence and difference.  Routledge. Purchase from Amazon.

Hoffman, L., Yang, M., Kaklauskas, F. J., Chan, A., & Mansilla, M. (Eds.). (2019). Existential psychology East-West (Vol. 1 – Revised & expanded ed.).  University Professors Press. Purchase from publisher. Purchase from Amazon

Hoffman, L., Yang, M., Mansilla, M., Dias, J., Moats, M., & Claypool, T. (Eds.). (2019). Existential psychology East-West (Vol. 2). University Professors Press. Purchase from publisher. Purchase from Amazon. 

Hubben, W. (1952). Dostoevsky, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, & Kafka. Touchstone. Purchase here

Kaufmann, W. (1974). Nietzsche: Philosopher, psychologist, antichrist (4th ed.). Princeton University Press. Purchase here

Kaufmann, W. (1980). Nietzsche, Heidegger and Buber.  Transaction Publishers. Purchase here

Kaufmann, W. (2000). Basic writings of Nietzsche (W. Kaufmann, Ed. & Trans.). The Modern Library. Purchase here

Kierkegaard, S. (1981). The concept of anxiety (R. Thomte & A. B. Anderson, Trans.). Princeton University Press. (original work published in 1844) Purchase here

Kierkegaard, S. (1985). Fear and trembling (A. Hannay, Trans.). Penguin. Purchase here

Lander, N. R. & Nahon, D. (2005). The integrity model of existential psychotherapy in working with the ‘difficult patient’. Routledge. Purchase here

Malony, H. N. (Ed.). (1980). A Christian existential psychology: The contributions of John G. Finch. University of America Press. Purchase here

Matustik, M. J. (1993). Postnational identity: Critical theory and existential philosophy in Habermas, Kierkegaard, and Havel. Guilford Press. Purchase here

May, R. (1950/1970). The meaning of anxiety. Norton & Company. Purchase here

May, R. (1953). Man’s search for himself.  Delta. Purchase here

May, R. (1969). Love and will. Delta. Purchase here

May, R. (1975). The courage to create.  Norton & Company. Purchase here

May, R. (1979). Psychology and the human dilemma. Norton & Company. Purchase here

May, R. (1981). Freedom and destiny. Norton & Company. Purchase here

May, R. (1983). The discovery of being. Norton & Company. Purchase here

May, R. (1985). My quest for beauty. Saybrook. Purchase me

May, R. (1988). Paulus: Tillich as spiritual teacher (Rev. ed.). Saybrook. (review) Purchase here

May, R. (1989). The art of counseling (Rev. ed.). Gardner Press. Purchase here

May, R. (1991). The cry for myth. Delta. (review)  Purchase here

May, R., Angel, E., & Ellenberger, H. F. (Eds.). (1958). Existence.  Jason Aronson, Inc.  Purchase here

Mendelowitz, E. (2008). Ethics and Lao-Tzu: Intimations of character. University of the Rockies Press. (review)Purchase here

Moustakas, C. (1994). Existential psychotherapy and the interpretation of dreams. Jason Aronson. Purchase here

Moustakas, C. (1995). Being-in, being-with, being-for. Jason Aronson. Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1955). The birth of tragedy (C. F. Fadiman, trans.). Dover. (Original work published in 1872). Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1962). Philosophy in the tragic age of the Greeks. Regnery Publishing. (Original work published in 1870) Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1966). Beyond good and evil: Prelude to a philosophy of future (W. Kaufmann, Trans.). Vintage Books: (Original work published 1886) Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1986). Human, all too human: A book for free spirits (R. J. Hollingdale, Trans.). Cambridge University Press. Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1990). Twilight of the idols and the anti-christ. (R. J. Hollingdale, trans). Penguin Books. (Original works publsihed in 1889 & 1894). Purchase here

Psyzczynski, T. A., Solomon, S., & Greenberg, J. (2002). In the wake of 9/11: The psychology of terror. American Psychological Assocation. Purchase here

Rank, O. (1936). Truth and reality (J. Taft, Trans.).  Norton & Company. Purchase here

Rogers, C. R. (1951). Client-centered therapy. Houghton Miffin. Purchase here

Rogers, C. R. (1965). On becoming a person. Houghton Miffin. Purchase here

Rogers, C. R. (1977). On personal power. Delta. Purchase here

Rogers, C. R. (1980). A way of being.  Houghton Miffin. Purchase here

Sartre, J. P. (1956). Being and nothingness (H. E. Barnes, Trans.). Washington Square Press. Purchase here

Sartre, J. P. (1962). Sketch for a theory of emotions.  Routledge. (Original work published in 1939). Purchase here

Sartre, J. P. (1965). Essays in existentialism (W. Baskin, Ed. & Trans.). Citadel Press. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (1999). Horror and the holy: Wisdom teachings of the monster tale. Open Court. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (1999). The paradoxical self: Toward an understanding of our contradictory nature. Humanity Books. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (2004). Rediscovery of awe: Splendor, mystery and the fluid center of life. Paragon House. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (2007). Existential-integrative psychotherapy: Guideposts to the core of practice. Routledge. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (2009). Awakening to awe: Personal stories of profound transformation. Jason Aronson. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. (2013). The polarized mind: Why it’s killing us and what we can do about it. University Professors Press. Purchase at publisherPurchase on Amazon.

Schneider, K. J., Pierson, J. F., & Bugental, J. F. T. (Eds.). (2014). The handbook of humanistic psychology: Leading edges in theory, research, and practice (2nd ed.).  Sage.  Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. & Krug, O. T. (2017). Existential-humanistic therapy (2nd ed.).American Psychological Association. Purchase here

Schneider, K. J. & May, R. (1995). The psychology of existence: An integrative, clinical perspective. McGraw-Hill. Purchase here

Soloman, R. C. (Ed.). (1974). Existentialism. The Modern Library. Purchase here

Spinelli, E. (1997). Tales of un-knowingTherapeutic encounters from an existential perspective. New York University Press. Purchase here

Spinelli, E. (2004). The mirror and the hammer.  Sage. Purchase here

Spinelli, E. (2005). The interpreted world: An introduction to phenomenological psychology (2nd ed).  Sage. Purchase here

Spinelli, E. (2014). Practicing existential therapy: The relational world (2nd ed.). Sage. Purchase here

Stark, M. (1999). Modes of therapeutic action.  Jason Aronson. Purchase here

Strasser, F. & Strasser, A. (1997). Existential time-limited therapy: The wheel of existence. Wiley & Sons. Purchase here

Szasz, T. S. (1974). The myth of mental illness (Rev. ed.). Perennial. Purchase here

Tillich, P. (1952). The courage to be. Yale University Press. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E. (2010). Everyday mysteries: Existential dimensions of psychotherapy (2nd ed.). Routledge. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E. (2013). Existential counseling and therapy in practice (3rd ed.). Sage. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E. (2015). Paradox and passion in psychotherapy: An existential approach to therapy and counseling (2nd ed.). Wiley & Sons. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E. (2016). Skills in existential counselling and psychotherapy. Sage. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E., & Arnold-Baker, C. (2018). Existential therapy: Distinctive features. Routledge. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E., Craig, E., Längle, A., Schneider, K. J., Tantum, D., & du Plock, S. (Eds.). (2019). Wiley world handbook of existential therapy. Wiley. Purchase here

van Deurzen, E. & Iacovou, S. (Eds.). (2013). Existential perspectives on relationship therapy. Palgrave. Purchase here

Van Deurzen, E., & Kenward, R. (2005). Dictionary of existential psychotherapy and counseling. Sage. Purchase here

Vos, J. (2019). Meaning in life: An evidence-based handbook for practitioners. Palgrave. Purchase here

Wampold, B. E. & Imel, Z. E. (2015). The great psychotherapy debate: Models, methods, and findings (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (1980). Existential psychotherapy. Basic Books. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (1989). Love’s executioner. HarperPerennial. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (1999). Momma and the meaning of life. Perennial. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (2002). The gift of therapy.  HarperCollins. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (2008). Staring at the sun: Overcoming the terror of death.  Jossey-Bass. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. & Elkin, G. (1990). Every day gets a little closer: A twice-told therapy.  Basic Books. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. & Leszcz, M. (2005). Theory and practice of group psychotherapy (5th ed.). Basic Books.  Purchase here

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Bugental, J. F. T. & Edelstein, B. (2003, Feb/March). Interview with Jim Bugental, AHP’s first president. Perspective, Retreived from

Cleare-Hoffman, H. P., Hoffman, L., & Wilson, S. S. (2013, August). Existential therapy, culture, and therapist factors in evidence-based practice. In K. Keenan (Chair), Evidence in support of existential-humanistic psychotherapy: Revitalizing the third force. Symposium presented at the 121st Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Honolulu, HI. Read on

Fishman, D. B. (2005). Editor’s Introduction to PCSP – From Single Case to Database: A New Method for Enhancing Psychotherapy Practice. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy [Online], Vol. 1(1), Article 2. Available: (View Abstract & Link to Article).

Hoffman, L. (2004, August/September). The danger of the truth. AHP Perspectives, 22-44. Read on

Hoffman, L. (2008). An existential approach to working with religious and spiritual clients. In K. Schneider (Ed.), Existential-integrative psychotherapy: Guideposts to the core of practice (pp. 187-202). New York, NY: Routledge Press. Purchase here

Hoffman, L. (2016). Multiculturalism and humanistic psychology: From neglect to epistemological and ontological diversity. The Humanistic Psychologist, 44, 56-71.

Hoffman, L. & Cleare-Hoffman, H. P. (2011). Existential therapy and emotions: Lessons from cross-cultural exchange. The Humanistic Psychologist, 39, 261-267.

Hoffman, L., Cleare-Hoffman, H. P., & Jackson, T. (2014). Humanistic psychology and multiculturalism: History, current status, and advancements. In K. J. Schneider, J. F. Pierson & J. F. T. Bugental (Eds.), The handbook of humanistic psychology: Theory, research, and practice (2nd edition; pp. 41-55). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hoffman, L. Dias, J., & Soholm, H. C. (2012, August). Existential-humanistic therapy as a model for evidence-based practice. In S. Rubin (Chair), Evidence in support of existential-humanistic psychology: Revitalizing the ‘third force.’ Symposium presented at the 120th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL. Read on

Hoffman, L., Granger, N. Jr., Vallejos, L., & Moats, M. (2016). An existential-humanistic perspective on Black Lives Matter and contemporary protest movements. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 56, 595-611. doi: 10.1177/0022167816652273

Hoffman, L., Lopez, A., & Moats, M. (2013). Humanistic psychology and self-acceptance. In M. Bernard (Ed.), The strength of self-acceptance: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 3-17). New York: NY: Springer. Purchase here

Hoffman, L., Richards, R., & Pritzker, S. (2012). Creativity and the evolution of humanistic psychology. Self and Society, 40, 10-15.

Hoffman, L. & Rubin, S. (2013, December 25). Rediscovering humanistic psychology: Understanding its complicated history. [Review of Encountering America: Humanistic psychology, sixties culture, & the shaping of the modern self]. PsycCRITIQUES-Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 58(no. 50). doi 10.1037/a0034938. Read on

Hoffman, L., Stewart, S., Warren, D., & Meek, L. (2014). Toward a sustainable myth of self: An existential response to the postmodern condition. In K. J. Schneider, J. F. Pierson & J. F. T. Bugental (Eds.), The handbook of humanistic psychology: Theory, research, and practice (2nd edition; pp. 105-133). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Purchase here

Hoffman, L. & Thelen, M. (2010). William James and the fight for science. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 50, 430-439. DOI: 10.1177/0022167810373397

Hoffman, L., Vallejos, L., Cleare-Hoffman, H. P., & Rubin, S. (2015). Emotion, relationship, and meaning as core existential practice: Evidence-based foundations. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 45, 11-20. doi: 10.1007/s10879-014-9277-9. Read on or ResearchGate.

Hoffman, L., Warner, H. J., Gregory, C., & Fehl, S. (2011). Existential-integrative perspectives on the psychology of evil. In J. H. Ellens (Ed.), Explaining evil (Vol. 3: Approaches, responses, solutions; pp. 263-286). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. Purchase here

Influential Existential Fiction

Camus, A. (1948). The plague (S. Gilbert, trans.). The Modern Library. (Original work published in 1947) Purchase here

Camus, A. (1972). A happy death (Trans. by R. Howard). Vintage International. (Original work published in 1971) Purchase here.

Camus, A. (1988). The stranger (M. Ward, trans.). Vintage. (Original work published in 1942) Purchase here

Camus, A. (1991). The fall (J. O’Brien, trans.). Vintage. (Original work published in 1957). Purchase here

Dias, J. (2014). The girlfriend project. CreateSpace. Purchase here. Read Review.

Dostoyevsky, F. (1957). The brothers Karamazov (C. Garnett, trans.). Signet. (Original work published in 1880). Purchase here

Dostoyevsky, F. (1994). Crime and punishment (R. Pevear & L. Volokhonsky, trans.). Vintage Classics. (Original work published in 1866). Purchase here

Dosteyevsky, F. (2008). Notes from underground (J. Kentish, trans.).  Oxford University Press. (Original work published in 1864). Purchase here

Kafka, F. (1998). The trial (B. Mitchell, trans.). Schocken Books. (Original work published in 1925). Purchase here

Kafka, F. (1998). The castle (M. Harman, trans.). Schocken Books. (Original work publsihed in 1935). Purchase here

Nietzsche, F. (1954). Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A book for none and all (W. Kaufmann, Trans.). Penguin. (Original work published 1892) (review) Purchase here

Sartre, J. P. (1989). No exit and three other plays (S. Gilbert, trans.). Vintage. (Original work published in 1946). Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (1993). When Nietzsche wept: A novel of obsession. Perennial. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (1997). Lying on the couch: A novel. Perennial. Purchase here

Yalom, I. D. (2006). The Schopenhauer cure: A novel. San Francisco, CA: Harper Perrenial. Purchase here.


Irvin Yalom and the Art of Psychotherapy (Available through