Existential Givens

Although Yalom (1980) is the person most famous for writing about the existential givens, he was not the first to write about them. Different existential theorists have taken different approaches to the givens. The categorization below integrates various perspectives.

  1. Freedom, Responsibility, and Agency
  2. Death, Human Limitation, and Finiteness
  3. Isolation and Connectedness
  4. Meaning vs. Meaninglessness
  5. Emotions, Experience, and Embodiment